Frequently Asked Questions

/Frequently Asked Questions

Simply put, Soma is a form of bodywork that creates change. Soma works by way of the fascial (connective tissue) network to release chronic, stored structural aberrations, and effectively realign the entire body.

Soma is centered around a set of 11 individual sessions, each building upon the last. With this progressive approach, the body is introduced to change gradually and actually learns a new way of being in gravity. Because the changes are learned and integrated, they are lasting, and the body continues to evolve long after completion of the Series Work.

Soma is a holistic style of bodywork, meaning that the whole body is taken into consideration, and we seek to address the root cause of pain. People who have received the Soma work often report improvements in their posture, balance, flexibility, energy levels, general health and athleticism. Just as often, they notice improvement in their own self-awareness, self-confidence and overall well-being. Soma has been effective at treating a wide-ranging list of ailments, including injuries, chronic pain, carpal tunnel, and even depression.

No, but Soma is is a direct descendant of Rolfing. A super-condensed history: Dr. Ida P. Rolf was the founder of the work known as Structural Integration, and her followers quickly began referring to the work as “Rolfing.” Dr. Bill Williams was the first Rolfer to branch off from Ida’s school, and he developed Soma as a distinct form of Structural Integration back in 1977.

Somassage® is a standalone session, completely independent of the Series Work. It feels somewhat more like “regular” massage than the Series Work, but follows the Soma principles throughout. New clients may choose to “dip their toe” into the Soma work by way of a Somassage, and Series veterans often use it as a tune-up, to help their bodies remember what it learned. Please click here for more information on this holistic full-body treatment.

Check out this recent article on this topic – Massage and Structural Integration

The primary difference is in the intent of the work. Massage works to soften muscles and release tension in the body, which most definitely helps to relax both body and mind and ease pain of all varieties. But, these benefits often do not last, and the massage must be repeated at regular intervals to maintain the results. Soma has a very specific intention to change the structure of the body through the fascial network, and do so in a way that entrains the neurological system to recognize and integrate these changes. So when Soma eases a pain, it is often not related to any specific work done on the site of the pain, but the release of a structural aberration in a completely different location.

Like any form of bodywork, different bodies respond in different ways. But generally speaking, when you stand up after a session, I’m not looking for you to feel all gooey and relaxed like after a great massage. In fact I’d much rather you stand up and feel odd, like you have to catch your balance in an unfamiliar way – that’s a great sign that we’ve shifted something in your body! This is why I often have clients stand up halfway through a session, so their neuromuscular system can sense how the side we worked on feels compared to the unworked side. Clients often report feeling energized, light, springy, and taller. Again, everyone’s experience is unique, especially during the Series where each session is completely different.

No. If you are thinking about it, I encourage you to come in for Session 1 or a Somassage® to experience the work, and then you can decide if you want to continue. There is no commitment involved until you get to Session 4, where we begin to make changes in your core. At this point I would ask you to be sure you are willing to continue through at least Session 7, as this set of sessions are deeply inter-related and must be completed in fairly close succession (no more than 2 weeks in between sessions).

In a very real way, Soma teaches your body new ideas, a new way to exist in gravity. Because of this, the body continues to integrate changes based on this new knowledge for a long time after the series work is completed. I strongly recommend you refrain from any kind of bodywork for a month or two after completing the series, to avoid interrupting this process, and maintain some awareness of changes that we created in your posture and gait to encourage your body to keep these new patterns. After that, clients often choose to receive Somassage® sessions periodically, sort of like a tune-up or a way to remind the body of what was learned in the series.

Soma is very deep work, and I won’t hedge, it can be intense! But speaking from my own experience, while parts of it hurt, at the same time it always feels like the work is productive and very much needed. I work within each individual’s parameters, and the client always has authority over how much discomfort they will experience. You can say “stop!” at any time and the pressure will be withdrawn immediately, the pain along with it.

All clients wear their underwear while receiving the Soma work, and a tube top is provided for women.

Upon arrival, we will handle any paperwork duties (that’s mostly the first session) and payment. I will step out of the room while you disrobe down to your underwear (and tube top for women). When you are ready, I’ll ask you to stand while I do a brief body reading; this is also your time to check into your body and sense how everything is feeling. I may also ask you to walk a little and observe your gait, depending on what we’re working on. Then, we’ll get you on the table and get started. I will often ask you to stand up and sense your body halfway through the session, to help you become aware of changes that are happening. Creating awareness of changes helps them last!

When the session is complete, I may teach you some movements/exercises that go along with the session. We may do this right next to the table, or I may ask you to get dressed so we can move out into the studio, depending on how much room is needed. Either way, I’ll have stepped out of the room while you dress.

Clients who go through the series work will also get to see the changes we produce together using photographs. I’ll take some snapshots of your body (front, side & back) before Session 1, and then another set after Session 10. There’s nothing quite like before and after shots to really see the changes this work will create in your body.

The Arm Session is unique to the Soma style of Structural Integration. It was carefully developed by Karen Bolesky, the director of the Soma Institute, over a span of many years. Karen found that the arm work in the classic sessions (originally very brief or even non-existant) was becoming more and more critical for her clients, likely coinciding with the increasing ubiquity of computers in our lives! After breaking it into a standalone session in her own practice and observing the effect in her clients, she eventually added it to the official Soma Institute curriculum.

Because it is an add-on, it is considered optional. However, the way the arms hang can affect the shoulder girdle and even the neck, so clients who have issues in these regions would be best served by including it.

As for the number: After months of experimentation, the session was proved most effective when placed between sessions 9 & 10. Renaming existing sessions would be confusing and break with a strong tradition, hence it is simply called the Arm Session. I have had several clients choose to refer to it as Session 9.5, which works just fine too 🙂

Pilates is a gentle method of exercise that targets the body’s core to develop long, strong, lean muscles, while teaching your body to move more efficiently. It is well known for providing relief from various kinds of back pain, improving postural problems, and guarding against injury, among many other potential benefits. Pilates starts from the center, teaching you to identify the deep core muscles, using the breath to help engage them fully and use them for support as you learn to align and stabilize the spine. From there we move outward, learning to articulate smoothly through the spine in all directions, and then out to the limbs, considering the proper support and alignment of each joint as the whole body becomes stronger. Pilates helps you develop flexibility within a safe range of motion for each joint, and encourages a deep mind-body connection that only deliberate practice can bring.

While Pilates and Yoga may look similar at a glance, in practice they are very different. Yoga generally involves a series of static postures, while Pilates exercises involve constant movement. While both methods offer great benefits in strength and flexibility, Yoga has a definite emphasis on developing flexibility, while Pilates is very much centered on core strength. Yoga practitioners develop that flexibility through poses which gently take the limbs beyond everyday movements to open the joints, while Pilates keeps the joints within a more functional range. Your choice depends on your goals and personal preferences, and many people find value in practicing both!

Pilates was originally intended as a one-on-one activity, and private instruction offers a level of customization to your individual needs, goals and schedule that group instruction simply cannot offer. At the same time, group classes provide a fun, affordable workout with lots of variety, and movements can be modified to suit the needs of individuals in the group. While individuals may stick with one or the other, many students get the best of both worlds by scheduling regular private sessions along with their group classes. Others choose to learn the basics thoroughly and at their own pace through private instruction, then move into group classes once they have the basics down. The choice comes down to your personal preferences, schedule, and budget.

In a word – YES! The beauty of Pilates is that it can be used to benefit most any body, no matter what your starting point is. If for some reason an individual doesn’t feel comfortable starting with a group class, private instruction could certainly be an option, either ongoing or in preparation for a group class. Everyone has to start somewhere, and wherever you’re at is, quite simply, where you are! Come on in.

Most likely, the answer is yes, but it’s always a good idea to check with your doctor before beginning any exercise program. When there is any doubt, I would ask you to do this, simply to make sure we keep you safe! In some cases, group classes may not be appropriate, if many modifications are needed for your condition, or the instructor is unable to provide enough individual guidance to be sure you are performing the movements safely.

Comfortable clothes that allow you to move. Yoga clothes are commonly seen in Pilates studios, but sweats and a t-shirt work just as well!

While it does not offer a cardio workout, Pilates can be a positive addition to your weight loss plan. Building lean muscle mass is essential in any plan, and Pilates will help your body move more efficiently in other forms of exercise and daily life.

Absolutely not! Pilates was created by a man, and men get just as much benefit from practicing it as women. Despite the impression you might get from the wonderful world of fitness trends marketing, the reality is that Pilates never was just for women, and it does not need to be changed to be suitable for men. We all have different strengths and weaknesses, and Pilates can help (and challenge!) anyone.

Joseph Pilates created several pieces of equipment, each uniquely customized to the way in which he wanted to move, lengthen and strengthen his students’ bodies. Many use spring resistance, others simply provide the perfect shape to encourage specific spinal movements. One thing they all have in common is that they aren’t meant to do any of the work for you – they may provide guidance and gentle resistance or support, but it is up to you to perform each exercise with proper alignment and correct sequencing. There are exercises that can be performed on all the different pieces including the mat, and others that are unique to one piece.

The equipment has changed very little since his original designs. Of course various manufacturers have added bells and whistles, but the basic intent of each piece is still at the core of even the fanciest models. Below is an overview of each piece.


equip_refThis is the primary piece of resistance equipment. The padded platform, called the carriage, glides smoothly along the rails. The carriage is attached to a set of springs at one end, and a rope and pulley system at the other. There are hundreds of exercises that can be done on this piece, from the gentlest rehab work to the toughest Teasers in the land.


CaddyAlso called the Trapeze Table, the Caddy offers a variety of spring lengths and tensions coming from all different directions, and adds a host of three-dimensional movement options into your workout. There are exercises in lying, seated and standing positions, and even some hanging from the bars!


Stability Chair

Stability ChairMy personal favorite, this is a small (chair-sized) piece, with a pedal on one side that can be pressed down against spring resistance. The small base of support and highly adjustable spring tension challenges your overall stability and balance, and the pedal can be split into two, allowing you to work both sides, just one, or both reciprocally.



BarrelsThe Ladder Barrel, Spine Corrector, and Arc Barrel are all tools to increase mobility and flexibility in various ways. The Arc Barrel is often incorporated into Matwork exercises, to increase or decrease the level of challenge.



MatworkMost people wouldn’t think of the Mat as a piece of equipment, but the Matwork is absolutely integral to the Pilates method. Bringing it down to you, the floor and gravity, often the Mat version of an exercise is the most challenging. In fact, it’s often said that if you have mastered the entire Mat repertoire, you have no need for any equipment!